Egypt Travel guide and Information
Egypt is a transcontinental country,
and is considered to be a major power in North Africa,
Mediterranean Region, African continent, Nile Basin,
Islamic World and the Red Sea. Covering an area of about
1,010,000 square kilometers (390,000 sq mi), Egypt is
bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza
Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the
east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.
Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa
and the Middle East. The great majority of its estimated
77.4 million live near the banks of the Nile River,
in an area of about 40,000 square kilometers (15,000 sq
mi), where the only arable agricultural land is found.
The large areas of the Sahara Desert are sparsely
inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in urban
areas, with the majority spread across the densely
populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other
major cities in the Nile Delta.